Hemp, CBD & other cannabinoids
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Read on to learn more about CBD as well as the MANY other cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol [CBD] is one of the two most common cannabinoids found in the cannabis flower (the second being THC).
CBD is one of more than a hundred "phytocannabinoids". Phytocannabinoids are naturally occurring cannabinoids that are directly extracted from the cannabis plant.
CBD is non-psychoactive, unlike it's close relative THC. Tetrahydrocannabinol is the cannabinoid that is responsible for that "high" feeling.
CBD has a myraid of potential wellness benefits including but not limited to the following: acts as an anti-inflamatory, pain reducer, relieves anxiety and depression, and more. It also has shown great efficacy at reducing seizures in clinical trials.
What is the Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
Everyone has what's called an Endocannabinoid System (ECS) consisting of both CB1 & CB2 receptors in our bodies.
Our ECS is a biochemical communication system which plays a crucial role in regulating our physiology, mood, and everyday experience in life.
When you use products containing any cannabinoid, they binds to your CB1 & CB2 receptors providing a variety of benefits.
What are the other cannabinoids and what do they do?
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most famous and common in the cannabis plant. It is responsible for the psychoactive high and has analgesic properties.
Cannabigerol (CBG) is non-psychoactive and acts as a blood pressure regulator, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and sleep aid.
Cannabinol (CBN) is mildly psychoactive and is prodcued via the degradation of THC. It shows promise as an anti-inflammatory and is being researched as a treatment for a variety of issues including nausea, glaucoma, bacteial infections, osteoporosis, epilepsy and cancer.
Cannabichromene (CBC) is a rare, non-psychoacitve cannabinoid that is also an anti-inflammatory as well as being researched as a potential neuroprotectant, tumor inhibitor and pain reducer. It may also be helpful in releiving symptoms produced by IBS and Crohn's disease.
Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is very closely related to THC however it has very notable differences. As opposed to THC, it is an appetite suppressant. It also can promote bone growth and has anti-anxiety properties.
It is important to note that there are more than 100 cannabinoids that have been identified and more continue to be discovered everyday. In addition to cannabinoids, another VERY IMPORTANT aspect of the cannabis plant is what we call terpenes. More on that below.
What are terpenes and what purpose do they serve?
Terpenes are responsible for the flavor and aroma of all plants, fruits and herbs.
Terpenes in combination with cannabinoids are what's responsible for producing what we call "The Entourage Effect".
Simply put, "The Entourage Effect" is the theory that the full spectrum of the cannabis plant works better when used together. The interactions of all the parts come together to enhance user effects. In essence, the whole is greater than the sum of its' parts.
There are six main terpenes found in the cannabis plant:
Myrcene is the most prevalent terpene in cannabis. It can have sedating/euphoric effects. It can act as a muscle relaxant and anti-inflammatory. It is also found in mangoes, lemongrass and beer hops.
Caryophyllene is interesting because it can act as a terpene as well as a cannabinoid. It is very good at relieving stress. Benefits include properties of anti-inflammatory, anti-spetic, anti-depressant, anti-anxiety and protection of digestive tract lining. It is also found in black pepper and cinnamon.
Pinene is one of the most well researched terpenes. It is uplifting and calming and can buffer the effects of THC. It promotes memory retention, has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and can act as a bronchial dialator. It is also found in pine needles and orange peels.
Limonene is stress relieving and uplifting. Like other terpenes, it can reduce anxiety and depression, act as a digestive aid and neutralize pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
Terpinolene is the least common of all six listed here however it is sought after by some because it does possess slight psychoactive effects and it is stimulating. It is an anti-bacterial and anti-fungal and has been researched to aid in reducing the risk of heart disease. It is also found nutmeg and tea tree oils.
Linalool is found in many essential oils namely lavender and induces relaxation. It aids in pain relief and acts to reduce anxiety and bring a feeling of sedation.